Ken asks…

ok all you teenagers i need you here now?

there are wat toomany of you very young teens speaking of the 3 letter word that rhymes with tex you need to realise that aids can kill you now stop one moment and think say you just slept with amale/female the other nite tell me now how many did you really sleep with1?no u actually slept with everyone that person has ever been with this is aids and this is why it has killed more people then ALL 3 WARS PUT TOGETHER YOU THINK THIS IS COOL WELL YUL ARE DIGGING YOUR OWN GRAVES AND SWAPPING DISEASE let alone having children when you are still kiddies yoursels so THINK BEFORE YOU ACT PLEASE SANDY

Helen answers:

I ssssssssssssssssssssssssssooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo agree with you!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!At least SOMEONE in this world understands how stupid people can be and that it is WRONG! I love the way you think!Even though people will ignore what you are saying right now….let me tell ya something….youre right!God bless!

Thomas asks…

thyroidectomy and radioiodine treatment?

Hi,
I’m 17 and have been diagnosed with Graves disease for about a year now. I have been given a choice between having a full thyroidectomy or having radioiodine treatment (pills), which I would most likely have to have multiple treatment for due to the severity of my hyperthyroidism and my bodies resistance to thyroid regulating medication.
At the moment I am on 12 NeoMercazole tablets a day. I started off on NeoMercazole, then changed to PTU. After my doctor put me on 12 PTU tablets a day and my Graves disease showed little to no improvement I was switched back to NeoMercazole as I was cautioned high levels of PTU could be causing my body (liver etc) damage.
I have seen the surgeon who will be performing the tyroidectomy if I choose to go that way. He performs the highest number of surgeries per year in Australia and is very trusted with extremely low complications.
I was wondering if you could please give me your personal opinion on which was I should go (pills or surgery). Talking from experience would be prefered but I don’t mind if you just want to put your opinion.
Thank you very much 😀

Helen answers:

Hello,

If your thyroid gland is swollen up, – like a goitre, – and if it is unsightly, you might want it physically removing. The scar is usually, hardly noticeable as it is cross-ways, (so it looks like a skin fold).

The possible problems from the surgery are, removal of your para-thyroid glands as well, by accident, (4 of them sit like cake-currants, on the back surface of the thyroid gland), and also it’s possible for your speaking nerves to be damaged. Usually in the uk, they like to assess your speaking nerves before going ahead with surgery, (they look at how well your vocal cords move).

The para-thyroid glands are so named, from their close proximity to the thyroid gland. In fact they have nothing to do with the thyroid function, – they control how the body handles mineral calcium.

The possible problems with radio-iodine are, that the dose of radiation might predispose you to some cancers later on. This is more of a concern if you young, as indeed you are.

With radio-iodine, the doctors can easily give you more. I mean, giving another dose is easy. With surgery, you would need opening up again to remove any more thyroid tissue. This latter would only be a concern if you were to have a sub-total thyroidectomy, – I see you are being offered a total removal?

So it sounds as if the doctors have in mind, either totally removing, or destroying all your thyroid tissue. Then you would need to take your normal thyroid requirement as a daily tablet, for life.

Clearly one of the main considerations for you, is the relative likelihood of complications, and their severity if you do get them?

We are not so much talking about the “common” surgical complications, – infection and wound healing should not be a problem at your age. More, we are thinking about permanent difficulties in handling mineral calcium, and the possibility of permanent weakness or paralysis of a vocal cord. And then with radio-iodine, we are thinking of an increased risk of (only) some types of cancer later on.

Of course, the main, common cancers in young female life are Breast cancers, and to a lesser extent cervix/ – womb/ – ovary cancers. And lung cancers if you are a cigarette smoker. My understanding is that the risk of all these is unchanged, for you, – it’s more about the rare blood cancers like leukemia, and also about cancers of the thyroid gland itself.

There is a cancer risk, to your semi-destroyed thyroid tissue, – but to quote Wiki, “most studies of Very-High-Dose Iodine-131 for treatment of Graves disease have failed to find any increase in thyroid cancer, even though there is linear increase in thyroid cancer risk with Iodine-131 absorption at moderate doses.”

Clearly if your thyroid gland is surgically removed, you are forever thereafter immune even to ordinary thyroid cancer, (as you will have no thyroid gland).

“Radioactive iodine may… Affect a woman’s ovaries, and some women may have irregular periods for up to a year after treatment. Many doctors recommend that women avoid becoming pregnant for 6 months to a year after treatment. No ill effects have been noted in the children born of parents who received radioactive iodine in the past.” …

“Both men and women who have had radioactive Iodine therapy may have a slightly increased risk of developing leukemia in the future. Doctors disagree on exactly how much this risk is increased, but most of the largest studies have found that this is an extremely rare complication. Some research even suggests the risk of leukemia may not be significantly increased. ” (cancer dot org).

If you were to decide to have the radioactive iodine treatment, then in my opinion it would be well worth your while, asking for a sample of your normal bone-marrow cells to be deep-frozen. Then you would have a “get-out-of-gaol-free” card, if you were ever to develop leukemia.

I think neither treatment is perfect. My own impression is that radio-iodine is safe straight away, but slightly risky in the long term, – – whereas for surgery, serious surgical side effects either happen straight away, or not at all.

I hope this is of some help.

Best wishes,

Belliger
retired uk gp

Carol asks…

what were a nurse’s daily activities in world war 1?

Helen answers:

Health And Happiness Of The American Forces

( Originally Published 1918 )

SINCE the fateful day when ‘Cain slew Abel, thereby setting a precedent for human warf are, no fighter has been so well protected from disease and discomfort of mind and body, so speedily cured of his wounds, as the American soldier and sailor during the World. War.

The basis of this remarkable achievement was sanitary education preached first by competent physicians and sociologists; then by newspapers to the civilian population; and ultimately by the soldiers and sailors themselves, each man acting as an evangel of personal and community health and sanitation. In 1914, before war was declared, the words “venereal diseases” were relegated to the advertisements of quacks and patent medicines. When the war ended, virtually every young and old man and woman knew the meaning of the words and the miseries that. Come in their train. So it was with other details of the care of the human body, with sewage problems, with the grave community question of pure water, with the use of intoxicating beverages, and with other problems inter-woven with the health and happiness of humanity.

Among the leaders in this wide-flung campaign of education was the American Red Cross. Starting with a mere nominal member-ship before the war, its roster rose to the mighty total of more than 28,000,000 American men, women and children when the war ended. More than $300,000,000 was poured into the American Red Cross treasury. In adition to these contributions of money, came the free services of millions of Americans, mostly women. Red Cross workshops dotted the land, and from these came bandages, sweaters, comfort-kits, trench necessities, clothing for homeless refugees, and a vast quantity of material aid in every conceivable form.

American Red Cross workers during the war knitted 14,089,000 garments for the army and navy. In addition, the workers turned out 253,196,000 surgical dressings, 22,255,000 hospital garments and 1,464,000 refugee garments. Sewing chapters repaired old clothing and sent it overseas to the orphaned and the widowed, and millions of Americans learned the sublime lesson of sacrifice through the Red Cross–a lesson that left its imprint upon America for generations.

The work of the American Red Cross extended through many lands. It followed the flags of the Entente Allies into Palestine, Mesopotamia, India, South Africa, and other ‘battle-grounds. Its work on the western front was a miracle of achievement. In Russia through the Red Terror of the Revolution the workers of the American Red Cross went serenely about their tasks of mercy, relieving the hungry, aiding the sick, and clothing the ragged peasants.

Henry P. Davidson left the firm of J. P. Morgan & Company to devote his administrative genius to the affairs of the American Red Cross. Other men and women of rare executive ability joined in the free tender of their services to the work of the Red Cross.

While the organization strove mightily against famines, wounds and disease overseas, it was suddenly confronted during the period from September 8th to November 9th, 1918, with the severest epidemic America had experienced in generations. Returning American troops brought the germs of the malady known as “Spanish influenza” into New York and Boston. Thence it spread throughout the country. During its brief career the epidemic claimed a total of 82,306 deaths in forty-six American cities, having a combined population of 23,000,000. Philadelphia, a great center of war industry, with the Philadelphia Navy Yard harboring thousands of sailors and marines, showed the highest mortality in pro-portion to population, 7.4 per 1,000; Baltimore with 6.7 per 1,000 showed the next greatest mortality.

The record of the Red Cross in this epidemic was one of instant service. Hundreds of thousands of masks were made in Red Cross workrooms, and these were worn by nurses and by members of families in afflicted homes.

On May 1, 1917, just before the appointment of the War Council, the American Red Cross had 486,194 members working through 562 chapters. On July 31, 1918, the organization numbered 20,648,103 annual members, besides 8,000,000 members of the Junior Red Cross—a total enrolment of over one-fourth the population of the United States. These members carried on their Red Cross work through 3,854 chapters, which again divided themselves into some 30,000 branches and auxiliaries.

The total actual collections from the first war fund amounted to more than $115,000,000. The subscriptions to the second war fund amounted to upward of $176,000,000. From membership dues the collections approximated $24,500,000.

The Home Service of the Red Cross with its more than 40,000 workers, extended its ministrations of sympathy and counsel each month to upward of 100,000 families left behind by soldiers at the front.

Supplementing, but not duplicating, the work of the American Red Cross, were the services of the Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., Knights of Columbus, Jewish Welfare Association, Salvation Army, American Library Association and other bodies.

These operated under the general super-vision of the War and Navy departments: Commissions on Training Camp Activities. Raymond B. Fosdick was the chairman of both these bodies. Concerning these commissions, President Wilson declared:

I do not believe it an exaggeration to say that no army ever before assembled has had more conscientious and painstaking thought given to the protection and stimulation f its mental, moral and physical manhood. Every endeavor has been made to surround the men, both here and abroad, with the kind of environment which a democracy owes. To those who fight in its behalf. In this work the Commissions on Training Camp Activities have represented the government and the government’s solicitude that the moral and spiritual resources f the nation should be mobilized behind the troops. The country is to be congratulated upon the fine spirit with which organizations and groups of many kinds, some of them of national standing, have harnessed themselves together under the leadership of the government’s agency in a common ministry to the men of the army and navy.

Afloat and ashore the organizations operating under the supervision of the two commissions gave to the men of the American forces home care, suitable recreation, and constant protection. The club life of the army and navy, both in the training camps and after the men went into the service, was most capably directed by the Y. M. C. A., Knights of Columbus, and the Jewish Welfare Association. Non-sectarianism was the rule in all of the huts and clubs conducted by these organizations. Catholic, Protestant and Jewish chaplains mingled with workers of the Salvation Army, with professional prize-fighters who became athletic instructors, with actors and actresses who contributed their talents freely to the entertainment of soldiers and sailors. Moving-picture shows, boxing contests, continuation schools, canteens where women workers served American-made dishes—these were some of the activities following the men. The Y. M. C. A. And Knights of Columbus bore the largest share of this work. More than $300,000,000 was contributed by the people of America to the maintenance of these activities.

The other organizations rounded out the work of the first two organizations and filled in with special attention to needs on which the others did not specialize.

The larger organization, the Y. M. C. A., was chosen by the government to carry out a portion of the government program–the conducting of the canteens.

The Knights of Columbus specialized in comforts less considered by other war relief’ organizations.

Nothing gave greater relaxation to the fighting man, coming from the trenches, or the battle line caked with mud and blood and weary with long hours, than a shower bath, and generous facilities were provided close to the fighting front.

Back of the lines in the rest billets and concentration camps, provisions were less generous than at the front until the Knights of Columbus took up the task of seeing that the men who were temporarily away from the active fighting had these facilities for bathing. It was but one of the many activities of the Knights of Columbus, but one of the most appreciated.

One of the first requisitions made by Rev. John B. De Valles, one of the first chaplains sent over by the Knights of Columbus, was for a shower bath and he set it up in connection with his headquarters in a little French town and it was overworked from the first. From this spread the movement for establishing shower baths in club houses being opened be-hind the lines and in villages.

There was no preaching in a Knights of Columbus hall or club room, but there was clean moral environment and healthy recreation and amusement, for this was proven the thing to keep up the morale of fighting men.

The Y. M. C. A. Built 1,500 huts in Europe costing from $2,000 to $20,000 each, equipped with canteen, reading and writing and recreational facilities to soldiers. It operated twenty-eight different leave areas with hotels that bad a total of 85,000 beds. In addition, in Paris, port towns, and several big centers in the war zone there were “Y” hotels for transient soldiers where one could get a clean bed and a good meal at about half the price charged by French hotels. Over 3,000 movie and theatrical shows a week were provided free, and 300 “Y” athletic directors bad charge of the sports in the American army, operating 836 athletic fields. Enormous quantities of cookies and chocolate and cigarettes were supplied.

A hundred of the best known educators from America directed educational work. The staff consisted of Professor Erskine of Columbia University, Professor Daly of Harvard, Prof

Mark asks…

I wanna be as intelligent as an American, how can I achieve this?

Helen answers:

1. Enslave yourself financially by spending enormous amounts of money securing an inferior education.

2. Spend the majority of your waking hours repeating the cycle of work – earn – buy – work – earn – buy… Throughout, complain how “busy” you are.

3. Remain willfully ignorant of the basic psychology underlying varied marketing methods, thus remain incapable of identifying how same affects you, and thus remain unable to efficiently reject varied attempts to make you feel inadequate unless you buy varied non-essentials. Over the years, as you develop further inadequacies, increase the portion of the day spent working so you can afford various further goods and services required to pretend to address your snowballing number of “issues”.

4. Accelerate the deterioration of your body by eating processed foods, soda, artificial sweeteners, etc. Rather than educating yourself about how to maintain good health, because eating badly is not only easier than thinking or researching, it is faster, which leaves more time so you can … Work, earn and buy more!

5. Further enslave yourself financially by buying increasingly larger and/or more expensive non-essentials such as McMansion homes, luxury autos, furniture, electronics, boats and vacations. Over time, increase the cost and time spent securing and maintaining your numerous possessions.

6. Teach your replacement consumer sheeple aka children the value of the above.

7. Further enslave yourself financially by entering the health “no care” system where you are treated to various toxic and/or ineffective forms of “treatments” for the myriad negative effects of your driven lifestyle (stress, depression, heart disease, diabetes, etc.), while you remain willfully ignorant of alternative and natural remedies proven safe and effective over decades if not centuries of use and which in many cases provide actual cures.

8. Fall into your early grave thinking … What happened?

Nancy asks…

I think I was abused as a kid.?

But I think Iv blocked the memories out, there are a few I remember…

Getting a roasting just-out-of-the-oven burger shoved in my face.
A glass of milk poured over my head.
Being hit/smacked/shoved/pushed.

she did it because she had graves disease leaving her very stressed out and snappy.

The other day my mam shoved me hard in the back, its the first time shes tried something like that for a while now but she was in a close to tears way afterwards and hugged me, she didn’t apologies or say sorry, it was just a hug as if that will make it all better.

I feel neglected too, my parents make me feel stupid and worthless and ugly.
They called me mentally retarded recently and they call me stupid and they always tell me my skin is disgusting when i have spots or give out to me for wearing to much makeup when i am just concealing them, they tell me my hair is horrible , they say I am not as nice or smart as any of my friends ect…

Is this just a teen thing or is it not-normal ?
and should i talk to someone about it because I read recently that kids who pushed it out end up being parents that abuse because they’re convinced it doesn’t hurt ?

Helen answers:

Yes, that is all abuse. There is no excuse of illness to justify abusing someone else. Peope try to do that all the time. I know others with graves disease and they don’t go around abusing other people, and they get treatment so they don’t feel like it.
When children are abused, there is only so many things they can do.
The worst thing would be for you to think ‘it is no big deal’ and become like that, because it IS a big deal, it isn’t ok and yu know yu don’t want to be like that.
Can you live with a different healthier , more loving family member? Will you call social services and ask them what you can do?
For you and angela the answerer who is 15 , and anyone else that has been abused, here is a self help healing tool you can apply to every line in your question, all your pain and it helps neutralize and resolve it quickly. People have healed themselves with it. Eftuniverse.com click on’get started free’
One thing you could do is bring into your life healthier people, and she may straighten up with others in your life.
For example bbbs.org teenrelationships.org girlsinc.org doublesunrise.com loveisnotabuse.com giverepsect.org loveisrespect.org
So, if you can’t leave, bring positive other energy into yur life, healthy people, loving adults, school counselors, church members, mentors in areas of your interests and realize your mom is ill , and is not treating herself or anyone else right.
Just hugging someone after abusing them , is just b s like you know it is. I have seen others say they are ‘sorry’ right after abusing people, then do it again later on. That is not right.
Someone has to confront her and stop this abuse. It probably shoudl be another professional adult, so as not to make it worse for yu , or put you into playing parent to an inadequate and abusive parent. That isn’t your role.
So, I think you should talk to social services .
Bring positive into your life. Find mentors.
Happy Holidays, anyway. Find a way to enjoy them (without hurting yoruself) use the method I gave you to help remove the pain you feel.

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