Richard asks…

How to treat and what is Hyperthyroidism?

.I was wondering what can happen if I don’t get this treated? I’ve had it for a long time. It runs in my family.
My conditions are that I never gain weight, I eat all the time, my heart beats faster when I’m sitting down. I’m also underweight.
Are there anyone out there that has this treated or have this? What can I do to get it treated?
Also what is it?
Thanks for all you answers.

Helen answers:

Definition

Hyperthyroidism is a condition caused by an overactive thyroid gland. The gland makes too much T4 and T3 hormones. Hormones are substances that affect and control many important functions in the body.

Alternative Names
Thyrotoxicosis; Overactive thyroid

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The thyroid gland is located in the neck. It produces several hormones which control the way that every cell in the body uses energy (metabolism). The thyroid is part of the endocrine system.

Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis occurs when the thyroid releases too many of its hormones over a short (acute) or long (chronic) period of time. Many diseases and conditions can cause this problem, including:

Graves disease
Non-cancerous growths of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland
Tumors of the testes or ovaries
Inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the thyroid due to viral infections or other causes
Ingestion (taking in through the mouth, such as in eating) of large amounts of thyroid hormone
Ingestion of excessive iodineGraves disease accounts for 85% of all cases of hyperthyroidism.

Related topics:

Painless (silent thyroiditis
Factitious hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism
Graves disease

Symptoms

Weight loss
Increased appetite
Nervousness
Restlessness
Heat intolerance
Increased sweating
Fatigue
Frequent bowel movements
Menstrual irregularities in women
Goiter (visibly enlarged thyroid) may be present
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
Weakness
Sleeping difficulty
Clammy skin
Skin blushing or flushing
Bounding pulse
Nausea and vomiting
Lack of menstruation
Itching – overall
Heartbeat sensations
Hand tremor
Hair loss
Diarrhea
Breast development in men
High blood pressure
Protruding eyes (exophthalmos)

Signs and tests

Physical examination may reveal thyroid enlargement or goiter. Vital signs (temperature, pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure) show increased heart rate. Systolic blood pressure (the first number in a blood pressure reading) may be high.

Laboratory tests that evaluate thyroid function:

Serum TSH is usually low
T3 and free T4 are usually high
This disease may also alter the results of the following tests:
Vitamin B-12
TSI
Triglycerides
RT3U
Radioactive iodine uptake
Glucose test
Cholesterol test
Antithyroglobulin antibody

Treatment

Treatment varies depending on the cause of the condition and the severity of symptoms. Hyperthyroidism is usually treated with antithyroid medications, radioactive iodine (which destroys the thyroid and stops the excess production of hormones), or surgery to remove the thyroid.

If the thyroid must be removed with radiation or surgery, replacement thyroid hormones must be taken for the rest of the person’s life.

Beta-blockers like propranolol are used to treat some of the symptoms including rapid heart rate, sweating, and anxiety until the hyperthyroidism can be controlled.

Expectations (prognosis)

Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease is usually progressive and has many associated complications, some of which are severe and affect quality of life.

These include complications caused by treatment such as use of radioactive iodine, surgery, and medications to replace thyroid hormones. However, hyperthyroidism is generally treatable and rarely fatal.

Complications

Heart-related complications include rapid heart rate, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

Thyroid crisis or storm is an acute worsening of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism that may occur with infection or stress. Fever, decreased mental alertness, and abdominal pain may occur, and immediate hospitalization is needed.

Hyperthyroidism increases the risk for osteoporosis.
There may be complications related to surgery, including visible scarring of the neck, hoarseness due to nerve damage to the voice box, and a low calcium level because of damage to the parathyroid glands.

Complications may be related to replacement of thyroid hormones. If too little hormone is given, symptoms of under-active thyroid can occur including fatigue, increased cholesterol levels, mild weight gain, depression, and slowing of mental and physical activity. If too much hormone is given, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism will come back.

Calling your health care provider

Call your health care provider if you have symptoms which could be caused by excessive thyroid hormone production. If the symptoms are associated with a rapid, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, or change in consciousness, go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911).

Call your health care provider if treatment for hyperthyroidism induces symptoms of under-active thyroid, including mental and physical sluggishness, weight gain, and depression.

Prevention

There are no general prevention measures to prevent hyperthyroidism.

Robert asks…

What are the NAMES of some artificial light-induced illnesses?

I already have Photosensitive Epilepsy, any others?
And by induced i mean that the light causes them, if not just tell me the names of similer ones.

Helen answers:

# Unverricht-Lundborg Disease

# skin cancer

# Autoimmune Disorders and Light Sensitivity: Photophobia can be a symptom of autoimmune disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and thyroid (Graves) disease.

# Diseases, Drug Reactions, and Photophobia: Many diseases such as sinusitis, meningitis, measles, and encephalitis are associated with light sensitivity. Adverse drug reactions also can create photophobia.

# Photophobia and Other Eye Problems: Common eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma can cause photophobia. Photophobia can be a symptom of blepharospasm, when individuals are unable to control facial movements that manifest as rapid blinking or twitching. Eye irritation from sources such as contact lenses and overexposure to sunlight also can lead to light sensitivity.

# Photophobia and Eye Inflammation: Photophobia can accompany conditions causing eye inflammation including endophthalmitis, keratitis, iritis, retinitis, and uveitis.

# Eye infections, Injuries Linked to Photophobia: Eye injuries, abrasions, and infection can create light sensitivity.

I remember in an episode of house a girl got rashes from being under intense light…i forgot what that disease was called.

William asks…

Does it sound like I have a thyroid disease?

I think i might have something wrong with my thyroid. I am 16 years old. I can eat anything and i can’t gain weight. My eyes have been hurting lately but my mom won’t take me to the doctor because she thinks they hurt from watching the computer screen. My hair falls out probably more than normal and i’m always freezing cold but if it was overactive I’d be hot? Does this sound like a thyroid problem or something else?

Helen answers:

Sounds like COULD be Hashimoto’s Autoimmune Thyroiditis, where, in the beginning, we cycle between HypO & HypER before settling into hypO…it is the most common reason for hypO.

Here is some info that might be helpful:
You need to have your thyroid tested. You need testing for ANTIBODIES as well as TSH. TSH ‘norm’ should be .3 – 3 (w/ most feeling best at < 2) but would not matter if ANTIBODIES are present. Indicative of Hashimoto’s Autoimmune Thyroiditis…main cause of HypOthyroid & is worse (…OR Graves Disease – HypERthyroid).

WARNING: Doctors seem not to want to find/treat thyroid disease. You may have to go to more than one doctor before you get the right tests, interpretation, and treatment. Best wishes.

Ck these:
http://thyroid.about.com/bio/Mary-Shomon-350.htm
http://www.stopthethyroidmadness.com/
http://www.thyrophoenix.com/index.html

God bless

Betty asks…

What kind of Herbal or Vegetables that can help to lower the iodine produce by the overactive thyroid gland?

Im still have hyperthyroidism and until now i dont have a planned to go to the doctors and treated by radioactive iodine due to the financial problem. I really need your suggestion regarding this matter

Thanks

Helen answers:

OK, several points to straighten out here.

The thyroid does not produce iodine. It uses the iodine that you eat and turns it into thyroid hormones. So eat less iodine. First of all, you need to give up iodized salt completely. Also seafood, seaweed, carageenan, and dairy are all high in iodine. Beyond that, don’t worry about it too much. You have to have thyroid hormones in order to live. And your thyroid needs iodine in order to produce thyroid hormones. Therefore you must consume iodine. Just try not to consume excess iodine. Stay away from the really high iodine foods, and don’t worry about the rest of your iodine intake.

There are substances called goitregens that interfere with the thyroid’s ability to product thyroid hormones. Some goitregens are soy, and crucufirous vegitables like brocolli. Increasing your intake of these foods could lower your thyroid levels slightly.

Next, hyperthyroidism is only a SYMPTOM. It is not a disease. What is the cause of your hyperthyroidism? Is it Grave’s disease?

You have made one good decision so far. Never, never, never have RAI for Grave’s disease. It will ruin your health permanently. It isn’t a proper treatment for Grave’s disease, because if you have RAI, you will still have Grave’s disease. This is the part doctors don’t tell you. They tell you that RAI is a cure, and it isn’t. RAI does not cure Grave’s disease. RAI can actually make Grave’s disease worse. RAI can make Grave’s disease attack your eyes. So you will still have Grave’s disease after RAI, plus possibly Grave’s opthalmopathy, and also an additional disease – iteragenic hypothyroidism. And the hypothyroidism will make you miserable for the rest of your life.

However, you can also ruin your health permanently by letting your Grave’s disease go untreated. Or you can die of a thyroid storm or heart failure. You need treatment. The correct treatment for Grave’s disease is methimizole (or PTU in the UK). And methimizole is as cheap as drugs come. So you need a new doctor who knows this, and you need a prescription for methimizole.

Sandra asks…

is there a surgery for eye balls to make them go more in the head?

I probably won’t get any answers, but I just need to know if anyone knows of any type of surgery where they can maybe do something to the muscles behind the eyes?

Helen answers:

For patients who have exophthalmos (the eyes bulge forward due to excessive orbital fats and tissues) there is a procedure called orbital decompression. Patients with Grave’s Disease many times can be helped with this procedure.

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